研究論文 | Taiwanese researchers’ perceptions of questionable authorship practices: An exploratory study

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我們最近在 Science and Engineering Ethics 發表了一篇關於臺灣學術界在作者列名與學術倫理方面的研究論文,歡迎指教!據瞭解,這應該是第一篇針對東亞科研環境所進行的作者列名實證研究,亦是第一篇探討臺灣作者掛名問題的實證報告。

A new paper has been published in Science and Engineering Ethics. In this piece of work, we discussed the underlying causes of questionable authorship and culture-bound authorship practices in an East Asian academia – Taiwan.

Impact Factor: 2.275. Rank: 3/62, Top 4.84% of SCIE—History & Philosophy of Science in 2018 JCR; Rank: 8/54, Top 14.81% of SSCI—Ethics in 2018 JCR.


AUTHORS | Sophia Jui-An Pan & Chien Chou

ABSTRACT | In 2014, SAGE Publications retracted 60 articles authored by Taiwanese researchers due to suspected peer-review fraud. This scandal led to the resignation of the Minister of Education at the time since he coauthored several retracted works. Issues regarding the lack of transparent decision-making processes regarding authorship were further disclosed. Motivated by the scandal, we believe that this is one of the first empirical studies of questionable authorship practices (QAPs) in East Asian academia; we investigate Taiwanese researchers’ perceptions of QAPs. To meet this purpose, a self-reported survey was developed. Four hundred and three local researchers, including research faculty (e.g., professors), postdoctoral researchers, and Ph.D. students, participated in the survey. Four major findings resulted. First, the underlying causes of Taiwanese doctoral students’ engagement in QAPs were attributable to their desire to achieve particular academic-related successes and their feeling of reciprocal obligation to support other researchers. Second, the underlying motives for Taiwanese research associates’ (i.e., research faculty and postdoctoral fellows) engagement in QAPs were attributable to their attempts to achieve particular career successes and of the desire to consolidate their professional networks. Third, the participants generally agreed that QAPs had a long history among local academics but were rarely reported. Fourth, participants’ backgrounds (i.e., research discipline, academic rank, and type of affiliations) had significant effects on their responses regarding particular authorship issues; however, their gender did not have a significant effect. QAPs are a critical issue in Taiwanese academia; therefore, we discussed the implications of the current findings including subsequent instruction and future research.


Citation: Pan, S. J.-A., & Chou, C. (2020). Taiwanese researchers’ perceptions of questionable authorship practices: An exploratory study. Science and Engineering Ethics, 26, 1499–1530. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-020-00180-x

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