研究論文 | Taiwanese and American graduate students’ misconceptions regarding responsible conduct of research: A cross-national comparison using a two-tier test approach

圖片取自期刊官網

我的第一篇跨國研究刊登在 Science and Engineering Ethics(JSEE)了,歡迎指教!JSEE 是許多科學倫理(scientific ethics)領域的學者,發表其研究著作的首選目標期刊。我們在耕耘學術倫理教育多年後,近年開始嘗試投稿到 JSEE 這本頂尖刊物;很榮幸去年有第一篇論文刊登,惟當初沒想到今年就能有第二篇著作!

這個研究是用科學教育的研究方法,探討臺灣與美國的研究生對於學術倫理(負責任的研究行為)之認知差異,同時提出將數位雙層次測驗應用於學術倫理教育的策略。

My new research article has been published in Science and Engineering Ethics. In this piece, I explored how cross-research system students might view responsible conduct of research (RCR) in different ways. I also discussed the utility of applying diagnostic assessments (the tests in a two-tier format particularly) in RCR instruction.

Journal Impact Factor: 2.787
Rank: 2/63, Top 3.17% of SCIE—History & Philosophy of Science in 2019 JCR.
Rank: 4/55, Top 7.27% of SSCI—Ethics in 2019 JCR.


AUTHORS | Sophia Jui-An Pan

ABSTRACT | Individual researchers may interpret responsible conduct of research (RCR) in various ways, especially given the diversity of research personnel in modern science. Therefore, understanding individuals’ RCR-related misconceptions is important, as it can help RCR instructors customize their lessons to target learners’ incorrect and incomplete ideas. In this vein, this study aimed to explore whether Taiwanese and American graduate students differ in their perceptions and misconceptions regarding RCR-related concepts and, if so, to determine these differences. A diagnostic assessment, the Revised RCR Reasoning Test (rev-RCRRT), was developed to pursue the intended goal. The rev-RCRRT is a two-tier test capable of diagnosing whether a student’s justifications of ethical acceptance in relation to specific RCR-related concepts are based on incorrect or incomplete ideas of RCR. The current results indicated that, first, participating graduate students’ test performances dropped drastically between the first- and second-tier items, suggesting that they were able to judge the ethical acceptability of given RCR-specific scenarios but lacked the advanced knowledge required to explain their judgments. Second, in general, American students achieved significantly better scores on the rev-RCRRT than Taiwanese students. Third, the two groups held different RCR-related misconceptions centered around various RCR topics. Specifically, Taiwanese students’ misconceptions involved concepts related to authorship, piecemeal publication, and human-subject protection. However, American students sometimes misjudged the issues regarding duplicate submissions and publication and the reproducibility of research and replication of ideas. In summary, through a cross-national comparative method, this study not only suggests that graduate students from different national backgrounds interpret RCR differently but also provides substantial evidence for the employment of a two-tier test approach in RCR-specific contexts. The implications of the current findings for future research and the utility of using two-tier tests in RCR instruction are also discussed in this article.


Citation: Pan, S. J.-A. (2021). Taiwanese and American graduate students’ misconceptions regarding responsible conduct of research: A cross-national comparison using a two-tier test approach. Science and Engineering Ethics, 27 (2). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-021-00297-7

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