標題 | 台灣研究人員學術倫理概念調查研究之初探：以科技部公布之學術抄襲、未適當引註及自我抄襲概念為例
TITLE | A Preliminary Investigation of Taiwanese Researchers’ (Mis)understandings of Academic Ethics: Taking the Reported Cases Relating to Plagiarism, Improper Citations, and Self-Plagiarism by the Ministry of Science and Technology as Examples
作者 AUTHORS | 薛美蓮 Mei-Lien Hsueh、潘璿安 Sophia Jui-An Pan、周倩 Chien Chou
中文摘要 | 研究者之行為應符合學術倫理規範，才能確保研究品質，並獲得社會大眾信賴。科技部是台灣學術研究的經費補助機構，制定有相關學術倫理之規範，台灣研究人員是否充分理解這些規範的內容，殊值探討。本研究透過匿名調查問卷，蒐集到台灣研究人員（包括五位學術倫理專家與232位科技部專題研究計畫主持人）之問卷，探討其對學術抄襲、未適當引註及自我抄襲等概念之理解。研究結果顯示，參與受測之研究人員對於上述概念之理解，似與科技部訂定之規範內容不甚相同；對指導教授之專題研究計畫與學生學位論文之著作歸屬，亦持有不同見解。本研究結果可作為科技部與學術研究機構，於修訂學術倫理政策時之參考。
ABSTRACT | All researchers involved in scientific inquiries have an obligation to follow the norms regarding academic ethics to ensure the quality of their research and to gain trust from the public. As the primary funding agency in the Taiwanese government, the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan (MOST) has published various academic ethics-related regulations and policies. The MOST also irregularly releases case summaries of academic ethics violations. However, whether Taiwanese researchers fully understand the academic ethics related rules and policies of the MOST remains debatable. In this vein, the present study adopts a survey method, inviting five experts of academic ethics and 232 local researchers (i.e., principal investigators [PIs] of MOST-funded research projects) to explore their (mis)understanding regarding the topics of plagiarism, improper citations, and self-plagiarism through case scenarios. The current results suggest that the participants (both the experts and PIs) do not seem to understand the definitions of the three topics above fully; they also hold different opinions on the credit attributions between advisors’ funded research and students’ dissertations. In conclusion, the results of this study are expected to be used as references for the amendment of current academic ethics-related regulations and policies of the MOST as well as local universities and colleges and research institutions.
建議引用格式：薛美蓮、潘璿安、周倩 (2020)。台灣研究人員學術倫理概念調查研究之初探：以科技部公布之學術抄襲、未適當引註及自我抄襲概念為例。教育資料與圖書館學，57（2），149–185。 https://doi.org/10.6120/JoEMLS.202007_57(2).0042.RS.BM
Hsueh, M. L., Pan, S. J-A., & Chou, C. (2020). A preliminary investigation of Taiwanese researchers’ (mis)understandings of academic ethics: Taking the reported cases relating to plagiarism, improper citations, and self-plagiarism by the Ministry of Science and Technology as examples. Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences, 57(2), 149–185. https://doi.org/10.6120/JoEMLS.202007_57(2).0042.RS.BM [In Chinese]